Force Majeure(Covid- 19)  

Standard containers are also known as general purpose containers. They are closed containers, i.e. they are closed on all sides. A distinction may be drawn between the following types of standard container:

  • Standard containers with doors at one or both end(s)
  • Standard containers with doors at one or both end(s) and doors over the entire length of one or both sides
  • Standard containers with doors at one or both end(s) and doors on one or both sides

Frame and bottom cross members are made of steel profiles, while three different materials are used for the walls:

1. Steel sheet, corrugated

Characteristics:
  • low material costs
  • easy to repair
  • high tare weight
  • susceptible to corrosion
  • difficult to clean owing to corrugated walls

2. Aluminum sheet in conjunction with stiffening profiles

Characteristics:
  • low material costs
  • low tare weight
  • high material costs
  • easily deformed, very quickly dented

3. Plywood with glass fiber-reinforced plastic coating (plywood + GRP)

Characteristics:
  • easy to clean owing to smooth surfaces
  • easy to repair
  • strong and resilient, does not dent
  • moderate material costs
  • moderate tare weight

The cost advantages have led to the predominant use of steel for container walls.

The floor is generally made of wood, usually planking or plywood. Although wood is relatively expensive, it has substantial advantages over other materials: it is strong and resilient, does not dent, may be easily replaced during repairs and, when appropriately finished, has an adequate coefficient of friction, which is important for cargo securing.